Relation between racial discrimination, social class and health among ethnic minority groups. Psychometric properties for the three samples combined are given in this section; psychometrics for each country separately are provided under the method for each of the three studies. There were no significant gender differences for the American sample at. Participants were also asked Asian perception from peers settings where discrimination occurred within their lifetime. Research Hypotheses and Questions The literature cited indicated a general decline in intrinsic motivation and related variables measured in several cultures, but decline in intrinsic motivation often was confounded Asian perception from peers increase in extrinsic motivation.